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I. William Zartman

I. William Zartman

Professor Emeritus


I William Zartman, Jacob Blaustein Distinguished Professor Emeritus of International Organization and Conflict Resolution and former Director of the Conflict Management and African Studies Programs, at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC. He is a member of the Steering Committee of the Processes of International Negotiation (PIN) Program at Clingendael, Netherland. He received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Association for Conflict Management (IACM) and a Doctorate Honoris Causa from the Catholic University of Louvain.

He received his MA from The Johns Hopkins University in 1952, a diploma from the University of Copenhagen on a Fulbright Scholarship in 1953, and his PhD from Yale in International Relations in 1956. He was on the faculty of International Studies at the University of South Carolina (1960-65), and then Professor of Politics at New York University (1965-80), where he served as Department Head and also as Associate Director of the Center for International Studies. In 1992-1993, he was a Distinguished Fellow of the United States Institute of Peace, in 1993-1994, Olin Professor at the US Naval Academy, and in 1994 and 1997 Elie Halévy Professor at the Institute for Political Studies (Sciences Pô) in Paris. He has taught at the American University in Cairo, and lectured at the Universities of Damascus, Tel Aviv, Mohammed V, Algiers, Ghana, Cameroon, Somalia, Soochow, Oxford, Grenoble, Milan, Warsaw, Aix-Marseille III, Beijing, Nanjing, Louvain, Zaire, Hebrew University, and University of the Andes.

Dr. Zartman is the author of a number of works on North Africa: Government and Politics in North Africa (Praeger, Greenwood reprint); Destiny of a Dynasty (U. of South Carolina); Problems of New Power (Atherton); and editor/coauthor of The Political Economy of Morocco (Praeger), Man, State, and Society in the Contemporary Maghreb (Praeger); Elites in the Middle East(Praeger, for the Social Science Research Council) and Political Elites in Arab North Africa (Longman). He has also written on African politics and relations in International Relations in the New Africa (Prentice-Hall; University Press of America, reprint); The Politics of Trade Relations Between Africa and the EEC (Princeton); African Traditional Conflict Medicine (Reinner); Peacemaking in West Africa (ACPR); Africa in the 1980's (McGraw Hill, for the Council on Foreign Relations, with Legum, Langdon and Mytelka); Conflict Resolution in Africa (with Francis Deng and others, Brookings); Governance as Conflict Management: Politics and Violence in West Africa (Brookings); Sovereignty as Responsibility (with Francis Deng and others, Brookings); and A Strategic Vision for Africa (Brookings, with Deng).

He has also developed the field of negotiation analysis, and is author of The Practical Negotiator (Yale), Ripe for Resolution(Oxford, for the Council of Foreign Relations), and most recently Cowardly Lions: Missed Opportunities to Prevent Deadly Conflict and State Collapse (Rienner) and The Global Power of Talk: Negotiating America’s Interests (Paradigm), with Fen Hampson. He has also edited and coauthored The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflict and Preventing Mass Murder (Oxford); Peacemaking in International Conflict (USIP, 2nd ed.), Power and Negotiation (University of Michigan Press, with Jeffrey Z Rubin); Escalation and Negotiation (Cambridge, with Guy Olivier Faure); Peace vs Justice: Negotiating Forward- and Backward-Looking Outcomes (Rowman and Littlefield, with Victor Kremenyuk); Preventive Negotiation: Avoiding Conflict Escalation (Rowman & Littlefield); Elusive Peace: Negotiating an End to Civil War (Brookings); Banning the Bang or Banning the Bomb?: Negotiating the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (Cambridge); Negotiating with Terrorists (Nijhoff), Rethinking the Economics of War (with Cynthia Arnson) (Johns Hopkins University Press), Getting It Done: Post-Agreement Negotiations and International Regimes (with Bertram Spector) (US Institute of Peace); Negotiating International Regimes (with Bertram Spector and Gunnar Sjösted) (Graham & Trottman), International Negotiation (with Hiroshi Kimura), The 50% Solution(Doubleday Anchor, reprinted by Yale University Press); International Multilateral Negotiations (Jossey-Bass, translated into Japanese); The Negotiation Process (Sage); Positive Sum: Improving North-South Negotiations (Transaction, for the Overseas Development Council); International Mediation in Theory and Practice (Westview, for SAIS Foreign Policy Institute, with Saadia Touval ); and Conflict Resolution in Africa (Brookings, with Francis Deng).

He helped create the peacemaking focus of the International Peace Academy (Institute), of which he was a member; he initiated negotiating courses at the State Department's Foreign Service Institute (FSI) and was on the steering committee for the FSI negotiation project, coauthoring two FSI books, International Negotiation and Perspectives on Negotiation. He is a founding member of the editorial board of the journal, International Negotiation, and is convener of the Washington Interest in Negotiations (WIN) Group. Dr. Zartman was project director of the Case Studies on Negotiations at SAIS and coauthor of The Panama Canal Negotiations (SAIS FPI) and The Algerian Gas Negotiations (SAIS, FPI). He is also the editor of the SAIS African Studies Library with Lynne Rienner Publishers, including The Political Economy of Nigeria, The Political Economy of Ivory Coast, The Political Economy of Cameroon, and The OAU After Twenty Years. He has also written articles for World Politics, Washington Quarterly, Foreign Affairs, International Journal of Middle East Studies, Pouvoirs, Third World Quarterly, Comparative Politics, Annuaire de l'Afrique du Nord, Maghreb Machrek, Negotiation Journal, Government and Opposition, Middle East Journal, Journal of International Affairs, Journal of Conflict Resolution, SAIS Review and others.

Dr. Zartman has received grants from the Rockefeller Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, the National Science Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the American Research Center in Egypt, among others. He received teaching awards from the University of South Carolina and, twice, from Johns Hopkins SAIS. Dr. Zartman is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations; he served on the executive committee and as chairman of the Middle East Advisory Committee of the Council for the International Exchange of Scholars ("The Fulbright Council") and on the SSRC-ACLS Joint Committee on the Near and Middle East. Dr. Zartman was founding Executive Secretary-Treasurer of the Middle East Studies Association from 1966 to 1977 and was elected its president for 1981-82. From 1984 to 1996, he was the founding President of the American Institute for Maghrib Studies, and was president of the Tangier American Legation Museum Society for 25 years. He was also founding secretary-treasurer of the West African Research Association (WARA). He was vice-president of the Council of American Overseas Research Centers (CAORC).

He is a Commander of the Moroccan Alawite Order (Ouissam Alawi)



  • Conflict Resolution and Negotiation
  • Crisis Management
  • Developing Nations
  • Ethnic Conflict
  • Human Rights and Democracy
  • Humanitarian Crises and Relief Efforts
  • International Relations
  • Peacekeeping
  • Political Risk Analysis
  • Terrorism
  • Treaty Negotiations


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  • French